Specificity of Setting

The four novels Heart of Darkness (1899), Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man (1916), Whose Body? (1923), and Untouchable (1935) are all very specifically set in a particular place, time, and society.  Through abundance of detail, the authors  make the specific setting of each integral.  It would be nearly impossible to give one of these books a different setting without destroying them.  Imagine trying to set Heart of Darkness in France or Untouchable in modern day.  It could never work.

 

An interesting continuity which lends itself to this trait is that they are all set at or near the time they were written.  The authors were writing about the world around them, and could draw detail from real-life observation and experience.