Shall I take the dust from your feet, O Holy Brahmin ? Oh, Brahmin, Brahmin.” He continued in a sing-song fashion : ” Your days are over, my dear sir, learn that. I should like to see you trying a bit of bossing on us.” (54).
Narayan R.K. “Malgudi Days: Fellow Feeling” . Internet Archive. https://archive.org/stream/astrologersday035473mbp/astrologersday035473mbp_djvu.txt
Narayan is making a statement to the Brahmins who are the upper class within the Indian caste system. He makes the language seem song like especially the message when he state that their days are over. The lower class are finally standing up to the upper class and they are saying that times are changing- it is time for a change to stop bossing them around. Shall I take the dust from your feet O Holy Brahmin is clearly sarcastic since the untouchables are the ones who clean up the dirty work such as latrines etc.
“Whose Body?” Sayers (1923), “Mrs Dalloway” Woolf (1925), “As I Lay Dying” Faulkner (1930) and Ananad’s “Untouchable” (1935) focus on social class as one of the many themes. Sayers focuses on a character Peter Wimsey has money and is willing to help solve cases. Mrs. Dalloway is a part of an upper class society as well and they are able to have parties/social gatherings. We mainly see the upper classes not worry about many things for instance when mentioning the war Mr. Dalloway comments that only thousands of men died in the war which is incorrect since it was actually a whole generation of men who died. The upperclass is perceived to be people who have money, hold parties and are willing to do things at their own pleasure because they are allowed to along with the fact they have money. “As I Lay Dying” gives us two doctors one who is part of the upper class Peabody based on how well educated he is and then wee McGowan who is not well educated in certain senses when it comes to practicing medicine. It also shows what the poor side is like especially not educated for instance Darl, Anse, Cash, Dewey Dell, Vardman and Jewel speak differently which makes the audience think that they are not educated compared to the other two novels that spoke proper and they did not have any grammatical errors. “Untouchable” on the other hand mainly focuses on the lower caste and shows the readers what it is like to live in this part of the caste system and how horrible it truly is.
“She was stretched on her back beneath the pear tree soaking into the alto chant of the visiting bees, the gold of the sun and the panting breath of the breeze when the inaudible voice of it all came to her. She saw a dust bearing bee sink into the sanctum of a bloom; the thousand sister calyxes arch to meet the love embrace and the ecstatic shiver of the tree from the root to tiniest branch creaming in every blossom and frothing with delight. So this was marriage! She had been summoned to behold a revelation” (16).
Hurston Zora Neale. “Their Eyes Were Watching God”. New York. Harper Collins Publisher. 1990. Print.
We get a sense of enlightenment from Janie who is beginning her new revelation and Hurston uses language that is filled with romanticism and deeper desire to explore the beauty and spiritualism within the world. Janie is ready to become a woman who wants to experience the idea of love for the first time and pictures the embrace between the flower and the bee to symbolize two people who are sharing the same desire.
“But the nights! ‘I must get another blanket,’ he said to himself. ‘Then father won’t ask me to put the quilt on. He always keeps abusing me. He is happy when they call him Jemadar. So proud of his izzat! He just goes about getting salaams from everybody. I don’t take a moment’s rest and yet he abuses me. And if I go to play with the boys he calls me in the middle of a game to attend the latrines. He is old. He doesn’t know anything of the sahibs. And now he will call me to get up, and it is so cold. He will keep lying in bed and Rakha and Sohini will still be asleep, when I go to the latrines.'” (12).
Anand, Mulk Raj. Untouchable. New York: Penguin Group, 2014. Print. 12.
After ending the sentence nights with an exclamation, the author begins a shift in order to get into the mind of Bakha himself which is filled with direct discourse since he uses I to get his point across along with a tone that is filled with hatred-bitterness for his father based on he way he abuses him. Just by Bakha describing how his father is proud of his izzat, it seems like there is hatred within that sentence just by reading it since his father believes his title gives him some type of upper class status, but in reality it does not since it all depends on the caste system. Soon after the author shifts back to third person narration once more.
“Durn that road. And it fixing to rain, too. I can stand here and same as see it with second-sight, a shutting down behind them like a wall, shutting down betwixt them and my given promise. I do the best I can, much as I can get my mind on anything, but durn them boys” (35).
Faulkner William. “As I Lay Dying”. New York. The Modern Library Edition. 2000. p.30 Print.
It is interesting to see Faulkner use “southern” language in Anse’s point of view specifically. The readers can picture in their mind of how a southerner speaks by looking at the language and reading it out loud. It is interesting to see Anse use that specific language while others do not. Faulkner gives the readers a clue that Anse is not fully educated like the rest of the characters (although he is one of the oldest brothers) by using sentence fragments, misspelling words, random comma placing etc.
“But she feared time itself and read on Lady Bruton’s face, as if it had been a dial cut in impassive stone, the dwindling life; how year by year her share was sliced; how little the margin that remained was capable any longer stretching of absorbing, as in the youthful years, the colors, salts, tone of existence, so that she filled the room as she entered and felt often as she stood hesitating one moment on the threshold of her drawing-room, an exquisite suspense…”(30).
Woolf, Virginia. Mrs. Dalloway. New York: Harcourt, 1925. Print. p.30
We see time become a key important theme within the novel and it is interesting to see that she referring to Clarissa who fears time itself, but yet time goes slow throughout the novel which makes it quite ironic. She sees her life dwindling down and she does not want it to end since she wants to feel the youthful years once again. Woolf uses strong diction to describe youth like tone of existence and colors since young people are usually filled with life while older women feel the color fades and grows quite hesitant.
“You remember the harbor. There were plenty of nice things floating around in it. That was the only time in my life I got so I dreamed about things. You didn’t mind the women who were having babies as you did those with the dead ones. They had them all right. Surprising how few of them died. You just covered them over with something and let them go to it.” (12).
Hemingway Ernest. In Our Time. New York. Scribner Paperback Fiction. 1958. p. 12
In this passage, the unidentified narrator identifies the readers as you by placing them into this image of the harbor and makes them think about the women who were having babies and it seems like the narrator wants the readers to be placed in he or she’s shoes in order to see what kind of life they were living back then, but it also gives us a sense of asking who is you I mean is it the audience he is referring it to or is it someone else an unidentified person that the narrator is directing this passage to and it gives a sense of ambiguity.
“Thipps asked again to explain, stammers worse an’ says he walked about for a few hours-met a friend-can’t say who-didn’t meet a friend-can’t say what he did with his time-can’t explain why he didn’t go back for his bag-can’t say what time he did get in-can’t explain how he got a bruise on his forehead. In fact, can’t explain himself at all” (27).
Sayers, Dorothy L. “Whose Body?”. 1923. Reprint. New York: Dover, 2009.
Sayers uses repetition within this passage specifically using the word can’t, the word did is italicized which is interesting, along with rhythm diction since we see the dashes after every phrase, which gives the readers an auditory sense of someone stammering about the jumble thoughts within their mind.
“I certainly am always right Melanctha Herbert, the way I certainly always have been when I knows it, to you. No Melanctha, it just is you never can have no kind of a way to act right, the way a decent girl has to do, and I done my best always to be telling it to you Melanctha Herbert, but it don’t never do no good to tell nobody how to act right; they certainly never can learn when they ain’t got no sense right to know it, and you never have no sense right Melanctha to be honest, and I ain’t never wishing you no harm to you ever Melanctha Herbert, only I don’t never want any more to see you come here” (69).
Stein, Gertrude. Melanctha. Three Lives. 1909 p. 69. http://www.bartleby.com/74/21.html
Melanctha and Rose represents two different social groups. Although Rose is far from being a housewife, she sees herself play the traditional safe role which is to be the perfect housewife and mother. She also conforms to the typical black stereotypes. They are not supposed to be educated like the white folks etc. Melanctha on the other hand plays the rebellious side. She is sexually liberated, does not conform to the traditional stereotypes that are pinned on women and the African Americans. She struggles to fulfill this liberation for women and colored people. She does not want to be the perfect housewife or mother. She wants to live her own life and be her own person. Rose sees this side rebellious side of Melanctha as a negative thought and freaks out since she does not want to conform. She believes women should fulfill the traditional role. That is why she keeps telling Melanctha what to do and how to act. Rose believes that women and African Americans should remain in their places and let the white people stereotype each race and gender.
“The brown current ran swiftly out of the heart of darkness, bearing us down towards the sea with twice the speed of our upward progress; and Kurtz’s life was running swiftly too, ebbing, ebbing out his heart into the sea of inexorable time….I saw the time approaching when I would be left alone of the party of ‘unsounded method'” (52).
Conrad, James. Heart of Darkness. The Project of Gutenberg Ebook. 9. Jan. 2006. http://www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/526/pg526.html
This scene gives the readers the image of the river and how the heart of darkness enters through. Marlowe and Kurtz are able to get away from the darkness that has permanently marked them. Kurtz has been driven into this madness by this darkness and Marlowe is scarred by being apart of Kurtz’s party. The brown current brings them back into the right civilization-the civilization they knew and grew up with. The river separates Marlowe from the African civilization since it’s inside the heart of the land where the darkness resides and unsounded.